Early jalapeño pepper is a pepper selection that produces 1-2 inch beauties that are hot and flavorful, perfect for canning, cooking or eating fresh. This is a very easy to grow selection that will please you year after year.
Mulch to keep leaves clean. I find peppers in general to like a bit of shade midday. Peppers grow best in high heat and humidity situations, but it is important to have proper airflow through the plants. I do not like planting peppers near fences or buildings that might restrict air flow. Powdery mildew and other nasties thrive where airflow is poor.
I will have photos of our jalapeño peppers later this year, rather than just photos of the plants.
Common name: Early jalapeño pepper
Botanical name: Capsicum annuum
Type: Tender annual
Scarification/Stratification: None needed
Self fertile: Yes
Hardiness: 33F NO FROST
Sow temp/season: Sow in pots with 70-90F soils from late winter to mid summer
Sow depth/spacing: ¼ -1/2 inch deep. Spaced at one seed per pot
Germination time: 7-30 days. Bottom heat makes germination quicker
Final spacing: 18 inches
Final height/spread: 24 inches tall and 18 inches wide
pH range: 5.8-7.5
Soil type: Well drained garden soil
Nutrition: A week before planting, mix in a balanced feed (5-5-5), lime and lots of compost to planting site. When first flowers appear, pick flowers and give a tablespoon of fish bone meal or high phosphorous feed.
Drainage: Does not like wet feet. Good drainage is essential.
Water requirement: Likes infrequent DEEP waterings. Avoid wetting the leaves. A drip irrigation system will pay off in peppers.
Root type: Fine surface roots with some tap roots.
Sun: Full sun to part shade.
Time to maturity: 66 days
Hilling: A couple inches of dirt and a good layer of mulch (Rock is best) two inches from crown will keep plant sturdy and soil moist.
Suckering: No root suckers, but will branch profusely.
Propagation: Sow seed in a minimum of one inch pot/plug and transplant to a minimum of a two gallon pot or in landscape to mature. One can take stem cuttings to increase favorite plants.
Hybridization: Peppers will cross breed. Plant different varieties a minimum of 20 feet apart to save pure seed.
Uses: Jalapeno peppers are good for stuffing, canning, pickling, frying or to eat fresh