This is a rare, polish heirloom sweet pepper variety and is very easy to grow. It produces many 7” highly tapered peppers that have a distinctly unique flavor. Perfectly shaped for stuffing.
Peppers grow best in high heat and humidity situations, but it is important to have proper airflow through the plants. I do not like planting peppers near fences or buildings that might restrict air flow. Powdery mildew and other nasties thrive where airflow is poor.
Common name: Buran pepper
Botanical name: Capsicum annuum
Type: Tender annual
Scarification/Stratification: None needed, but it helps awaken seed by ensuring lots of heat, light, and moisture.
Hardiness: 33F NO FROST
Sow temp/season: Must sow in pots in 72-90 F in late winter through early summer. If sown in winter, sow indoors under lights. Getting an early start really helps produce before the high temperatures.
Sow depth/spacing: Sow ¼ inch deep every two inches in flats or one seed per 1.5 inch plug/pot.
Germination time: 1-3 weeks. The more heat the faster they germinate.
Final spacing: Transplant plants on 18” centers. Or every 12” down rows spaced two feet.
Final height/spread: 24-36” high and 18” spread.
pH range: 5.8-7.5
Soil type: Well-drained rich garden soil. I like to amend soil with lava rock or limestone. Both add Calcium and both add strength to the root system while helping drainage.
Nutrition: Peppers like starting out with a high Nitrogen blend. After the first flower appears, pinch it off and give a high Phosphorous mix and a dose of lime. Calcium/Magnesium requirement are high.
Drainage: Well drained soils a must. If soggy soils are unavoidable, create raised bed or grow in large pots.
Water requirement: Likes infrequent DEEP waterings. If rain is scarce, try putting the hose at base of plant on a drip and leave it there for a few hours, a good technique for deep waterings.
Sun: Full sun to part shade. Minimum of 6 hours of direct sun. Mid-day sun can be avoided by planting next to something taller.
Root type: Many fine roots that spread through the surface soil and deep into the earth.
Time to maturity: 90 days until mature.
Hilling: Hilling ¼ inch at a time with MATURE compost with strengthen plants and cut down on weeds at the same time. Peppers send out roots from trunk quite readily, making hilling very helpful.
Suckering: None, but branches profusely.
Propagation: Sow seed in a minimum of one inch pot/plugs and transplant up (do not direct seed) to quart pots. When root bound, transplant to garden or a minimum of 3 gallon pot. Can take stem cuttings of best plants.
Hybridization: Grow different varieties a minimum of 50 feet away to ensure genetic purity. Pepper cross pollination will effect the fruit grown. For example: If you were to plant a habanero next to a bell pepper, you could end up with spicy bell peppers and large mild habeneros. Could be exciting, but could be frustrating if one wants true fruit and offspring of favorite variety.
Uses: Perfect for stuffing and wonderful for salads or stirfries.